The parties to the dispute must focus on the core of the dispute, seeking only to resolve it. The parties involved in the settlement of disputes shall endeavour to reach an amicable settlement by means of a settlement. The parties certainly strive to offer some kind of remedy by working together and cooperating with each other on terms accepted by both.  Negotiation is one of the most commonly used forms of alternative dispute resolution, as it is preferred in non-profit organizations, businesses, governmental organizations, and court proceedings, such as divorce, adoption, etc.  Here are some of the characteristics of negotiations: In a developing country like India, many people still live in poverty. When their rights are violated, they often don`t have the money to fight long battles in court. You don`t have the money to pay for a lawyer. They do not know the legal system and the procedures. Therefore, they often think that the judicial system is an inconvenience. Parental Coordination (PA): A child-centred process in which a trained and experienced psychiatric or legal professional, called a “parent coordinator”, helps parents in high conflict situations implement their parenting plan. With the prior consent of the parties and the court, the parental coordinator can make decisions within the framework of the court order or the appointment contract.
We are rapidly approaching a phase where litigation is being replaced by alternative dispute resolution (ADR) due to the inefficiencies and inconveniences of litigation. India has not quite reached a stage where litigation has been completely supplanted by ADR methods, but the legal system is beginning to see the benefits of ADR. This article is intended to help you get an overview of ADR methods and their benefits. A popular legal maxim, “Consilia omnia verbis prius experiri, quam armis sapientem decet,” which means that an intelligent man would prefer negotiation to the use of weapons, rightly justifies the purpose behind the use of negotiations.  This process helps the parties to the conflict by proposing better results and also helping them to reach an agreement and an amicable settlement. Overall, it is a balancing process in which a solution is proposed taking into account the interests of both parties. Only if the parties to the dispute do not consider themselves sufficiently capable of resolving the dispute themselves or through the consultation of an independent person can they choose another popular mechanism for alternative dispute resolution, namely mediation. Traditionally, disputes have been settled through a trial that has taken place in court.
A judge presided over the trial and a jury decided what the actual facts were and how much money (if any) was to be paid to the plaintiff (usually referred to as the “plaintiff”). The jury trial system has been a great success in law and is a constitutional right in many circumstances. Nevertheless, it has its drawbacks: Stay up to date with LawBite`s latest legal findings and offers For more information on arbitration and arbitration law, click here. From the basics of arbitration and mediation to a well-researched study of various other facets of alternative dispute resolution, this course provides law students with the most comprehensive resources on ADR. When designing the programme, it was taken into account that students are also familiar with the practices of international ADR systems. A less common form of alternative dispute resolution is arbitration. Arbitration is similar to a procedure, but it is more convenient, lighter and economically feasible. It is preferable to mediation if there are factual disputes that need to be resolved by assessing the testimony of witnesses or parties. For these reasons, the Government of India enacted section 89 of the Code of Civil Procedure 1908 and replaced the former Arbitration Act 1940 with the Arbitration and Conciliation Act 1996, in accordance with the mandates of the United Nations Commission on International Trade Law (UNCITRAL).